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Research Guide: Citations: In-Text Citations - MLA

MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics

IN-TEXT CITATIONS (MLA)

 

  • When you paraphrase information or directly quote from a source, you must cite the source within the body of your paper
     
  • All in-text citations must point to full citations that you include on the References page at the end of your paper

In Text Citations - MLA

For Paraphrasing and Direct Quotes

Basic Format:
(Author's Last Name Page number or numbers)

1 Author

  • "Social inclusion prevents clinical depression" (Rodriguez 13).
  • Tina Rodriguez found that "social inclusion prevents clinical depression" (13). *use first and last name at first mention, last name only thereafter

Coauthors

  • ...concluded that obesity is a risk factor (Hepburn and Hafiz 411-12).
  • David Hepburn and Makeen Hafiz concluded that obesity is a risk factor (411-12). *use first and last name at first mention, last name only thereafter

3 or more Authors

  • The rate of male infidelity is not dramatically different than the rate of female infidelity” (Strong et al. 222).
  • Strong and others have shown that the rate of male infidelity is not dramatically different than that of female infidelity” (222). *"and colleagues" is also acceptable

2 or more works in one citation

  • Japanese rural architectural styles enjoyed a revival in the 1990s (Tsutsui 505; Wormington 23).                       

Plays [Play name Act.Scene line#-line#]

"He was my master and I wore my life to spend upon his haters" (Antony and Cleopatra 5.1 8-9). [indicates Act 5, Scene 1, lines 8-9]

Corporate/government Author

Shorten long corporate (organization) and government names

...shortened to its initial noun phrase (Modern Language Association, 304)

[full corporate author = the Modern Language Association of America]

No Author

The incidence of drought increased 10% ("Weather Patterns" A6).                    

[full title = “Weather Patterns Wreak Havoc for Oklahoma Farmers”]

No Page Number

...Orissi dance has undergone a major revival since the 1950s (Gupta).

Quick Guide - MLA

Automatic Citation Generator

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