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African American History

Social Justice Guide Collection

Understanding the Jim Crow Era

The Jim Crow Era, 1877 - 1950s

a 1916 handbill against segregation

"The segregation and disenfranchisement laws known as 'Jim Crow' represented a formal, codified system of racial apartheid that dominated the American South for three quarters of a century beginning in the 1890s. The laws affected almost every aspect of daily life, mandating segregation of schools, parks, libraries, drinking fountains, restrooms, buses, trains, and restaurants. "Whites Only" and "Colored" signs were constant reminders of the enforced racial order."

- From the article "Jim Crow Laws," linked and cited below



1916 Handbill with engraving by Jack Smith
 (Click on image to enlarge)

In This Section

Use the tabs to the left to navigate the following pages of resources:
  • Jim Crow Segregation - Segregated Schools, Work & Transportation

  • White Supremacy & Violence Against African Americans --- coming soon!

  • The Harlem Renaissance (1910s-1930s)

  • The Great Migration (1916-1970) & The World War I (1914-1918) --- coming soon!

  • The Great Depression (1929-1933), New Deal (1933-1939) & World War II (1939-1945) --- coming soon!