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African American History

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The Harlem Renaissance

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The Harlem RenaissanceJosephine Baker, an African American, female Harlem Renaissance actress, dancer, and civil rights activist in winter coat and hat.

"The Harlem Renaissance (also called the New Negro Movement) was the period in United States' history from around 1919 to 1934 during which avant-garde black arts, music, literature, and culture had an effect upon and was adapted and admired by the larger white society. The movement was created because the members of the Harlem Renaissance believed that black exceptionalism would destroy the prevalent very strong white racism of the time leading to equal rights for blacks.

- by Scott Sheidlower author of, "Harlem Renaissance, cited below
(click on image to enlarge, cited below)


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The Harlem Renaissance

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The Harlem Renaissance

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Source: "The Harlem Renaissance's Cultural Explosion, in Photographs" by PBS NewsHour, is licensed under a Standard YouTube License.

Source citation:

Sheidlower, S. (2019). Harlem Renaissance. In R. M. Lawson & B. A. Lawson (Eds.), Race and Ethnicity in America: From Pre-contact to the Present (Vol. 3, pp. 98-101). Greenwood.

Van Vechten, C., photographer. (1949) Portrait of Josephine Baker, Paris. , 1949. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,