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African American History

Social Justice Guide Collection

Understanding the American Civil War & Reconstruction Era

The Civil War & Reconstruction Era
"The Georgetown Election - The Negro at the Ballot Box" by Thomas Nast,

"The Civil War changed nothing and everything. Black men and women, slave and free, remained in the vanguard of the movement for universal freedom, demanding immediate emancipation. As emancipation became the issue that could not be avoided, the status of the newly freed slaves rose to prominence. Once it became evident that black people would no longer be slaves, the question became what, precisely, their status would be."

- From the book, The Long Emancipation, by Ira Berlin, cited below

"The Georgetown Election - The Negro at the Ballot Box" 
(cited below)

In This Section

Use the tabs to the left to navigate the following pages of resources:
  • The American Civil War (1861-1864)

  • Emancipation & Reconstruction

    • With information on the Emancipation Proclamation (1863) & Juneteenth (1866) & the Reconstruction Amendments (1865,1868 & 1870) 

Source Citations:

 Ira Berlin. The Long Emancipation : The Demise of Slavery in the United States. Harvard University Press, 2015.

"The Georgetown Election - The Negro at the Ballot Box" by Thomas NastThe Mavis P. and Mary Wilson Kelsey Collection of Thomas Nast Graphics is in the Public Domain