"And by virtue of the power, and for the purpose aforesaid, I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said designated States, and parts of States, are, and henceforward shall be free"
-From The Emancipation Proclamation, cited below
Recognition of Juneteenth began in Texas in 1865 and has increasingly permeated African American popular culture. Juneteenth is a term that comes from the fusion of the words “June” and “nineteenth,” the date that Major General Gordon Granger, of the Union Army, rode into Galveston, Texas, to announce, belatedly, the emancipation of African slaves.
-From Juneteenth, cited below
During Reconstruction, three amendments to the Constitution were made in an effort to establish equality for black Americans.
-From the article, "Reconstruction Amendments" at PBS' American Experience, cited below
American Experience. (n.d.). Reconstruction Amendments. PBS. Retrieved March 7, 2022, from https://www.pbs.org/tpt/slavery-by-another-name/themes/reconstruction-amendments/
Emancipation Proclamation. (2013). In R. Parks (Ed.), American Eras: Primary Sources (Vol. 2, pp. 192-195). Gale. https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/CX2737100073/GVRL?u=aubu98092&sid=bookmark-GVRL&xid=47d63498
Knight, G. L. (2020). Juneteenth. In O. L. Dyson, J. L. Jeffries, & K. L. Brooks (Eds.), African American Culture: An Encyclopedia of People, Traditions, and Customs (Vol. 2, pp. 536-538). Greenwood. https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/CX8056200152/GVRL?u=aubu98092&sid=bookmark-GVRL&xid=d05000f5