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African American History

Social Justice Guide Collection

Web Resources: Slavery

Slavery in the United States, 1619-1865

Slaves to be sold

"Slavery was a complex and horrific system on many levels, not the least of which involved its social class dimensions. Plantation slavery stamped southern society with characteristics that persisted long after emancipation, such as the influence of planters in politics and a presumption of racial hierarchy. White racism had so thoroughly penetrated the region that it became a powerful tool for social control."

- From Slavery by Robert E. Weir, cited below


"Slaves to be Sold" 1858
(click on image to enlarge, cited below) 

Online Collections 

Not unlike the museums linked in the following tab, these online collections house many primary source resources including images, photographs, maps, letters, diaries, artifacts, and more.

Featured Database: Slavery and Anti-Slavery

There are many databases that have resources on the topics addressed in this guide; however, we wanted to feature this one as it houses 71 collections of primary source documents relating to slavery and the slave trade. 

Slavery in the United States, 1619-1865

Digital Museum Exhibits

Many museums not only have online exhibitions, but they can also house a wealth of information accessed through articles, online publications, videos, images, and resources. Consider the museum websites linked below.

Slavery in the United States, 1619-1865

run away slave add - thomas jefferson"During the antebellum period, many slave owners placed advertisements in newspapers to alert people about escaped slaves, to provide information to identify the individuals who had run away, and to offer a reward to encourage whites to capture runaway slaves and return them to the advertisers. Details in the advertisements help 21st-century scholars learn about the attitudes of masters toward their slaves, the clothing worn by slaves, the material objects that enslaved laborers used, the skills that slaves possessed, the ties that enslaved laborers formed to family and friends, the reasons why some slaves escaped, and the ways in which slavery varied in the United States."

-From Runaway Slave Advertisements, by Julie Richter (cited below)

The Virginia Gazette; Williamsburg, September 14, 1769.
(click on image to enlarge, cited below)

Runaway & Missing Slave Advertisements 

Slavery in the United States, 1619-1865

Featured Videos

Source: "America's First Museum Dedicated to Telling the Story of Slavery" by The New Yorker, is licensed under a Standard YouTube License.

Slavery in the United States, 1619-1865

Featured Articles

Background Articles

Consider the reference articles below. They come from subject-specific encyclopedias and provide definitions and a general overview of the topic.

Popular and Scholarly Articles

Source Citations: 

The Virginia Gazette, Williamsburg. (1769). [Thomas Jefferson advertises for a runaway slave in Williamsburg's newspaper]. Library of Congress. http:///

"Slaves to be Sold" by Charleston SC newspaper, 1858 is in the Public Domain