Use the technique of Lateral Reading to Validate Claims and Sources
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This work is licensed under a creative commons attribution license.
Ask yourself whether you know and trust the author, publisher, publication, or website.
When investigating a source, fact-checkers read “laterally” across many websites, rather than digging deep (reading “vertically”) into the one source they are evaluating.
What if the source you find is low-quality, or you can’t determine if it is reliable or not?
What if you feel uncertain about the "full story" of a fact or claim, or you suspect someone might want to mislead you (as when controversial issues are presented)?
Modified from Mike Caulfield's SIFT (Four Moves), which is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Graphic created by Suzanne Sannwald based on Mike Caulfield's work on SIFT. Creative Commons Attribution License.
When you present research, you participate in an informed conversation.
You cite your sources, in order to: