Occupational Therapy

Guide to research in the area of occupational therapy. Also helpful for the areas of physical therapy, nursing, health, physiology and kinesiology.

Evaluate the Quality of All Your Sources - Use Only Credible Information

Evaluating sources using the C.R.A.P test

Use the C.R.A.P. Evaluation criteria below to evaluate the quality of your source.

  • If your source does not satisfy these criteria, you may want to find a different, more credible source
Currency
  • When was the source published or updated?
  • Is currency of info important for your topic? (Does info change rapidly or frequently?)
  • Is older, historical info important for your topic?
Reliability
  • Where do the facts or info come from?
  • Is content of the resource primarily opinion? Primarily fact? Is  it balanced?
  • Can you find citations or lists of references?
  • Can you verify any of the info in another source?
  • Does the source go through some type of review process before it is published?
Authority
  • Is the info from an authoritative source?
  • What is considered “authoritative” for your topic?
  • Can you determine the author’s or organization’s qualifications, credentials, expertise, affiliations, experience?
  • Does the author acknowledge any biases?
Purpose
  • Why is this info being published? To inform, teach, sell, entertain, persuade, other? How did you determine this?
  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Can you determine if the publisher/sponsor has political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional or personal biases?
  • For web sources, what is the domain? (.edu, .gov, .com, .org, .net, other?)

Try It!

1. Click on the link above and explore all areas of the website.

2. What evidence can you find for the website's

  • Currency
  • Reliability
  • Authority
  • Purpose

3. What is your evaluation of this website?  Would you recommend this website - yes, no, sort of?  What led you to your conclusion?

Video: Using the C.R.A.P. Test to Evaluate Websites

Source: "Using the C.R.A.P. Test to Evaluate Websites" by Portland State University Library, is licensed under a Standard YouTube License.

This video explains the C.R.A.P. test and then uses it to evaluate three websites on the topic of performance enhancing drugs in sports.