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CMST 220 Public Speaking

This guide is to help you find good topics and evidence for your Informative or Persuasive/Position speeches in CMST& 220: Public Speaking.

images and copyright

Images are intellectual property, too, and you need to give credit for them as you would textual information.
Here are things to keep in mind when using images downloaded from the internet:
  • ALWAYS credit the source of your images.
  • Find out if the owner/creator of an image states how their image can be used, if possible.
  • Whenever possible, ask the copyright holder for permission and keep a record of this correspondence.

Under Fair Use Guidelines, you may...

  • Use images in course assignments such as a term paper, thesis or poster as per their degree fulfillment requirements.
  • Publicly display images incorporated in academic work when association with courses in which they are enrolled.
  • Retain work in personal portfolios for use in graduate school or employment applications, for example.

and you may not...

  • Publish images in any work in analog or digital form that do not have proper copyright clearance. When in doubt, consult the Four Factors of Fair Use.


Information above used with permission from the Colgate Visual Resources Library.

Google Image Search

 Google Images logo


Google Images can be a great place to go if you want to get some idea of what sorts of images are out there, but it may be difficult to find an image that is big enough and with high enough resolution.  It's possible to find that the perfect image, with little or no use restrictions, so give it a try!

Wikimedia Commons


Wikimedia Commons logo

Wikimedia Commons contains, according to the site, "a database of 9,907,245 freely usable media files to which anyone can contribute." Files include images, audio, video, and other multimedia. Users can choose from multiple images sizes when downloading, and each image is often accompanied by information about the work depicted as well as copyright information.

Flickr Commons

Flickr's The Commons: images in the public domain, searchable in one place. Image collections from the Library of Congress, the Smithsonian Institution, The New York Public Library, The UW Digital Collections, and many others.

"The key goals of The Commons on Flickr are to firstly show you hidden treasures in the world's public photography archives, and secondly to show how your input and knowledge can help make these collections even richer."

Image captions

Just as you would always provide in-text citation information for copied text, you must for images and photographs!

According to the APA Handbook, images, including video, audio recordings, maps and photographs, are cited with creator, their role (e.g. photographer), (year), title, [medium], publisher info. 

Fig. 8. (1924). Author Langston Hughes [far left] with [left to right:] Charles S. Johnson; E. Franklin Frazier; Rudolph Fisher and Hubert T. Delaney, on the roof of 580 St. Nicholas Avenue, Harlem, on the occasion of a party in Hughes' honor. [Photograph] Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture / Photographs and Prints Division, New York. Web. New York Public Library Digital Gallery

Giving credit

Thanks to Sarah Christensen, Visual Resources Curator at the University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana and Jesse Hendersen, Visual Resources Curator at Colgate University, for graciously allowing me to copy text and other information from their library web pages.