ENV S 204 Natural Science and the Environment

Purpose of Citations

Citations are a way of giving credit to others for their ideas and work. In school, in jobs and in our personal lives, when we write an essay, give a presentation, make a speech, or record a video, we are often stepping into ongoing conversations and previous research around a topic. In the scholarly tradition of the United States, citations demonstrate that we have done our research and they give credit to those whose ideas and words we are building on.

APA Citation Style (7th Edition)

APA Citation Style

APA (American Psychological Association) Style is used in Social Science disciplines, like Psychology and Education. Always consult your assignment or ask your instructor for the correct citation style to use

Source: "Introduction to Citation Styles: APA 7th ed." by CSUDH Library, is licensed under a Standard YouTube License.

Learn the basic conventions of citing sources in-text and in a reference list using the American Psychological Association (APA) Style, 7th edition.

Hanging Indent

Citation generators in databases like Gale Virtual Library and Academic Search Complete create the hanging indent. NoodleTools, a research management platform, also does this. 

To create a hanging indent in Microsoft Word, from the Home tab:


APA Citation Style

Quick Guide - APA

Quick Guide - APA Citation Style