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CMST 230 Small Group Communication: Citing your Sources

This guide will assist students in CMST 230 with their research assignments.

When to Cite

When you present research, you participate in the scholarly conversation.

Citing your sources:

  • Gives credit to others for their ideas, data, and words.

  • Gives weight to your analysis or opinion. Building on the work of others adds credibility to your words.

  • Leaves a path your audience can follow.

Be sure to cite your sources in your project "Works Cited," image captions, and oral presentations!

The Elements of a Citation: collect this information


Web pages are often inconsistent in providing the following information; ask a librarian for help if you have trouble locating it. 

  • Author(s)
  • Title of website (or title of a specific section if you are citing that)
  • Institution that sponsors the website
  • Date (often the date the website was last updated)
  • Date you accessed the website
  • The URL (you don't  need this for the citation, but it will help you find the site again-- it's the web address that usually begins “http://....”)


Online journals usually place the following information at the top of each article.  

Print magazines and journals usually have this information on their covers and title pages.

  • Author(s)
  • Title of article
  • Date of publication
  • Journal name
  • Volume and issue number
  • Name of database you used
  • Date you accessed the article


Most of the following information is provided on the title page or within the first few pages of the book.

  • Author(s) (of entire book and of chapter of book if you are citing a specific section)
  • Title of book (and title of chapter of book if you are citing a specific section)
  • Publisher
  • Date of Publication

Find more examples and APA or MLA citation help on our 'Research Guide: Citations'!

Citations: The How and Why of Citing Sources

Quick Guide - APA

Quick Guide - APA Citation Style

Quick Guide - MLA

Quick Guide - MLA Citation Style

Automatic Citation Generator


Access online tutorials using the links below: