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S SCI 160 Introduction to Gender Studies (Marshman): Creating citations

A Guide to Research in Gender Studies - for students in Michelle Marshman's class

When to Cite

When you present research, you participate in an informed conversation.

You cite your sources, in order to:

  • Give credit to others for their ideas, data, and words.
  • Give weight to your analysis or opinion. Building on the work of others adds credibility to your words.

  • Leave a path your audience can follow.

Be sure to cite your sources in your papersimage captions, and oral presentations!

Automatic Citation Generator

NoodleTools Citation Generator

image of the NoodleTools logo

Access online tutorials using the links below:

Citation LibGuide

For more on citations, check out our subject guide dedicated to citations:

Collect this information

  In general, you will need these pieces of information to create a “Bibliography” or “Works Cited” list for your paper:


Most of the following information is provided on the title page or within the first few pages of the book.

  • Author(s) (of entire book and of chapter of book if you are citing a specific section)
  • Title of book (and title of chapter of book if you are citing a specific section)
  • Publisher
  • City of Publication
  • Date of Publication


Online journals usually place the following information at the top of each article.

Print magazines and journals usually have this information on their covers and title pages.

  • Author(s)
  • Title of article
  • Date of publication
  • Journal name
  • Volume and issue number
  • Name of database you used
  • Date you accessed the article


Web pages are often inconsistent in providing the following information; ask a librarian for help if you have trouble locating it. 

  • Author(s)
  • Title of website (or title of a specific section if you are citing that)
  • Institution that sponsors the website
  • Date (often the date the website was last updated)
  • Date you accessed the website
  • The URL (the web address that usually begins “http://....”

 TIP: As you do your research, collect citation information

from each source you consider using.