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ANTH 204 Archaeology: Identify Academic Sources

Academic Sources (also called Scholarly or Peer-Reviewed)

Evidence that an article is scholarly:

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Citation information: Authors, Article title, Journal information and Abstract:


In-Text Citations:


The Methodology or Experiment:


The Results and Discussion:

 


Data - Tables and Charts:


The References:

 

 

 

Popular Magazines or Newspapers CAN be good sources for research projects

 

However, they are NOT considered scholarly journals

 

 

 

 

 

  • Scholarly articles are sometimes referred to as Academic articles or Peer-Reviewed Articles or Refereed articles
  • Often library article databases will help you limit your results to scholarly articles (see image below)
  • However, you should still use the "scholarly journal" evidence in the box to the left to determine if your article is truly scholarly or not.

  • EVIDENCE THAT A BOOK IS SCHOLARLY
A scholarly book will: 
  • Be written by an expert or experts in the field (PH.D., M.D., etc preferred)
  • Usually present new research or analysis of previous research
  • Often be printed by a University Press
  • Not be written for popular audiences.  Will have higher level, academic vocabulary and themes 
  • Include extensive references to other scholarly work

 

Example of a scholarly book: Land of Ionia

Note: You will have to determine if a book is scholarly.
If you are unsure, ask your instructor or a librarian.

Urban Cities

THE AUTHOR BIO ESTABLISHES THE AUTHOR'S EXPERTISE IN HER FIELD. SHE HAS A PhD, AND HAS RESEARCHED, WORKED AND WRITTEN IN HER FIELD SINCE 1990.

 

NOTE THE PRESENCE OF IN-TEXT CITATIONS. ALL CLAIMS ARE THOROUGHLY SOURCED AND BACKED UP.

NOTE TOO THE ACADEMIC TONE AND LANGUAGE OF THE TEXT.

THE WORK IS THOROUGHLY REFERENCED. THIS IS PAGE 1 OF 15.

 

How can you tell the difference
between different types of perio
dicals? 

 
       
  magazine image magazine image magazine image  

 

Popular magazines

Trade, industry and professional publications

Scholarly
(or "academic"
or "peer-reviewed") journals

 

AUTHOR

Usually a staff writer or journalist. Sometimes the author's name is not provided.

Writers with subject knowledge or practitioners and professionals.

Primarily experts, often university researchers, whose credentials are usually included.

 

AUDIENCE

Written for the "average" person who doesn't have in-depth knowledge of a topic.

Multiple levels of readers: general public to practitioners and professionals.

Aimed at professionals, researchers, scholars, or others with more in-depth knowledge of the topic.

 

CONTENT

Entertainment, opinion, current topics, quick facts.

Trends, forecasts, news and events in the field; products, book reviews, employment, biography.

Research, analysis, scholarship. Often includes abstract, research methods, conclusion, bibliography.

 

LENGTH

Shorter articles providing broad overviews of topics.

Short newsy items to longer, in-depth articles.

Longer articles providing in-depth analysis of topics.

 

APPEARANCE

Glossy, color pictures, advertisements.

Ads related to the field or profession.  Charts, tables, illustrations.

Dense text, usually with graphs and charts, fewer specialized, advertisements.

 

CREDIBILITY

Articles are generally evaluated by staff editors rather than experts in the field.

Articles reviewed by editors from professional associations or commercial/trade organizations.

Articles reviewed by a "jury" of experts--"peer-reviewed" or "refereed"—before publication.

 

EXAMPLES

People, Essence, Hispanic, Good Housekeeping, Out, Time, Vogue, Sports Illustrated

RN, Library Journal,  Professional Builder, Contractor Magazine, Restaurant Hospitality

Journal of American History, Nature, Journal of Business, Lancet, Bioscience

 

Adapted from ACC Library Services Libguides.

 

 

Find Academic Sources

After you are confident that you know how to identify an academic source:

THEN

FINALLY

Video: How to Read a Scholarly Article

Source: "How to Read a Scholarly Article" by University of Illinois Undergraduate Library, is licensed under a Standard YouTube License.

Learn how to read a scholarly article by following these steps: 1. Read the abstract 2. Read the conclusion 3. Read the first paragraph or the introduction 4. Read the first sentence of every paragraph 5. Read the rest of the article