Native American & Indigenous Studies

Native American & Indigenous Studies

Oceti Sakowin Oyate (Sioux Nation), Standing Rock Reserve, and Standoff


Indigenous Activism and Contemporary Solidarity and Struggle in North America


  • Black Lives Matter. n.d. “Black Lives Matter Stands in Solidarity with Water Protectors at Standing Rock.”
  • Coulthard, Glen (Yellowknives Dene). 2013. “For Our Nations to Live, Capitalism Must Die.” Unsettling America: Decolonizing Theory and Practice, November 5, 2013.
  • Coulthard, Glen (Yellowknives Dene). 2014. “#IdleNoMore in Historical Context” in The Winter we Danced: Voices From the Past, the Future, and the Idle No More Movement, 32-37.  The Kino-nda-niimi Collective. (PDF)
  • Estes, Nick (Lower Brule Sioux). 2014. “Declaring War on KXL: Indigenous Peoples Mobilize.”  National Lawyers Guild’s Mass Dissent. Special Issue: “Environmental Justice and Indigenous Resistance Movements” 37(3).
  • Grande, Sandy. “Accumulation of the primitive: The limits of liberalism and the politics of Occupy Wall Street.” Settler Colonial Studies 3.3-4 (2013): 369-380.
  • Laurel, Ari. 2016. “We Need to Talk About Standing Rock.” Hyphen Magazine: Asian America Unabridged, September 6, 2016.
  • Martineau, Jarrett (Cree/ Frog Lake Dene). (2015) “Rhythms of Change: Indigenous Resurgence, Technology and the Idle No More Movement” in More Will Sing Their Way to Freedom: Indigenous Resistance and Resurgence(PDF)
  • Muller, Clayton Thomas (Mathias Colomb Cree). 2014. “The Rise of the Native Rights-Based Strategic Framework: Our Last Best Hope to Save our Water, Air, and Earth” in The Winter we Danced: Voices From the Past, the Future, and the Idle No More Movement, 365-378.  The Kino-nda-niimi Collective. (PDF)
  • Nanibush, Wanda (Beausoleil Anishinaabe) “Idle No More: Strong Hearts of Indigenous Leadership” in Winter we Danced: Voices From the Past, the Future, and the Idle No More Movement, 341-43. The Kino-nda-niimi Collective. (PDF)
  • Simpson, Leanne Betasamosake (Michi Saagiig Nishnaabeg and Alderville First Nation). 2014. “An Indigenous View on #BlackLivesMatter.” Yes! Magazine, December 5, 2014.
  • Simpson, Leanne Betasamosake (Michi Saagiig Nishnaabeg and Alderville First Nation). 2016. “The Misery of Settler Colonialism: Roundtable on Glen Coulthard’s Red Skin, White Masks and Audra Simpson’s Mohawk Interruptus.” 
  • Walia, Harsha 2014. “Decolonizing together: Moving Beyond a Politics of Solidarity Toward a Practice of Decolonization” in The Winter we Danced: Voices From the Past, The Future, and the Idle No More Movement, 44-50.  The Kino-nda-niimi Collective. (PDF)
  • Wildcat, Matthew (Ermineskin Cree), Mandee McDonald (Swampy Cree/Metis), Stephanie Irlbacher-Fox, and Glen Coulthard (Yellowknives Dene). 2014. “Learning from the Land: Indigenous Land Based Pedagogy and Decolonization.” Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education, Society 3(3): 1-25. (PDF)

Standing Rock Syllabus

People holding a lighted, "Mni Wiconi" sign.

Brusky, Joe. Water is Life. 2 Sept 2016. Flickr. Google. 4 Nov 2016.

The Standing Rock Syllabus is a collection of readings created by NYC Stands with Standing Rock committee, a group of indigenous scholars and activists and supporters based in New York City. More information and the full syllabus (including a preface, glossary of key terms, and PDFs of all content) can be accessed via the links below.

Suggested Citation:
NYC Stands with Standing Rock Collective. 2016. “#StandingRockSyllabus.”

Native Representation, Popular Culture and Criticism


  • Bruyneel, Kevin. (forthcoming). “Race, Colonialism, and the Politics of Indian Sports Names and Mascots: The Washington Football Team Case.” NAIS: The Journal of the Native American and Indigenous Studies Association. (PDF)
  • Cook-Lynn, Elizabeth (Crow Creek Sioux). 1991. “The Radical Conscience of Native American Studies.” Wicazo Sa Review 7(2): 9-13. (PDF)
  • Cook-Lynn, Elizabeth (Crow Creek Sioux). 2001. “Anti-Indianism and Genocide: The Disavowed Crime Lurking at the Heart of America” in Anti-Indianism in Modern America,185-95. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press. (PDF)
  • Cook-Lynn, Elizabeth (Crow Creek Sioux). 2001. “Reconciliation: Dishonest in Its Inception, Now a Failed Idea” in Anti-Indianism in Modern America: A Voice from
    Tatekeya’s Earth, 159-170. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press. (PDF)
  • Keene, Adrienne (Cherokee). 2013. “Urban Outfitters is Obsessed with Navajos.” Native Appropriations, September 23, 2013.
  • Keene, Adrienne (Cherokee). 2016. “Magic in North America Part 1: Ugh.” Native Appropriations March 8, 2016.
  • Martineau, Jarrett (Cree/ Frog Lake Dene). 2014. “An interview with Tania Willard on Beat Nation, Indigenous curation and changing the world through art.”  Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society 3(1): 218-224.

Oceti Sakowin Oyate Territorial Sovereignty


  • Charger, Harry (Cheyenne River Sioux), Ione V. Quigley (Rosebud Sioux), and Ulrike Wiethaus. 2008. “Foundations of Lakota Sovereignty” in Foundations of First Peoples’ Sovereignty, 159-177. Edited by Ulrike Wiethaus. New York: Peter Lang Publishing. (PDF)
  • Dunbar-Ortiz, Roxanne. 2016. “The Great Sioux Nation and the Resistance to Colonial Land Grabbing.” Beacon Broadside September 12, 2016.
  • Dunbar-Ortiz, Roxanne. “The Great Sioux Nation” in An Indigenous People’s History of the United States. New York: Beacon Press.  (PDF)
  • Fort Laramie Treaty, 1868.
  • Fowler, Loretta. 2007. “Tribal Sovereignty Movements Compared: The Plains Region” in Beyond Red Power: American Indian Politics and Activism Since 1900, 209-227. Edited by Daniel M. Cobb and Loretta Fowler. Santa Fe: SAR Press. (PDF)
  • “Great Sioux Agreement, 25 Stat. 888.” 1889. In Of Utmost Good Faith. Vine Deloria Jr (Standing Rock Sioux), ed. New York: Bantam. (PDF)
  • Valandra, Edward (Rosebud Sioux). 1992. “U.S. Citizenship: The American Policy to Extinguish the Principle of Lakota Political Consent.” Wicazo Sa Review 8(2): 24-29. (PDF)

Environmental Racism and Dispossession


  • Checker, Melissa. 2007.  “‘But I Know It’s True’: Environmental Risk Assessment, Justice, and Anthropology.” Human Organization 66(2): 112-124. (PDF)
  • O’Rourke, Dara  and Sarah Connelly. 2003. “Just Oil? The Distribution of Environmental and Social Impacts of Oil Production and Consumption.” Annual Review of Environment and Resources 28: 587-617. (PDF)
  • Pellow, David N. 2016. “Toward a Critical Environmental Studies: Black Lives Matter as an Environmental Justice Challenge.” DuBois Review: Social Science Research on Race.
  • Pulido, Laura. 2016. “Geographies of Race and Ethnicity: Environmental Racism, Racial Capitalism, and State Sanctioned Violence.” Progress in Human Geography. (PDF)
  • Voyles, Traci. 2015. “Preface” and “Introduction” in Wastelanding: Legacies of Uranium Mining in Navajo Country. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. (PDF)

Education, Schooling and Pedagogy


  • Battiste, Marie (Mi’kmaq). 2011. “Introduction” and “Maintaining Aboriginal Identity, Language, and Culture in Modern Society.” Reclaiming Indigenous voice and vision. UBC Press. (PDF) (PDF)
  • Deloria Jr, Vine. (Standing Rock Sioux) and Daniel Wildcat. 2001. Power and Place: Indian Education in America. Boulder: American Indian Graduate Center. vine-deloria-jr-daniel-r-wildcat-power-and-place-indian-education-in-america
  • Grande, Sandy (Quechua). 2015. Selections and Responses from Red pedagogy: Native American social and political thought. Rowman & Littlefield. (PDF) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF)
  • Grande, Sandy (Quechua). 2003. “Whitestream feminism and the colonialist project: A review of contemporary feminist pedagogy and praxis.” Educational Theory 53(3): 329-346. (PDF)
  • McCarty, Teresa L. 2004. “Dangerous difference: A critical-historical analysis of language education policies in the United States.” Medium of instruction policies: Which agenda? Whose agenda, 71-96. (PDF)
  • Patel, Leigh. 2015. Decolonizing Educational Research: From Ownership to Answerability. Routledge. (PDF)
  • Simpson, Leanne (Michi Saagiig Nishnaabeg and Alderville First Nation). 2002. “Indigenous environmental education for cultural survival.” Canadian Journal of Environmental Education (CJEE) 7(1): 13-25. (PDF)
  • Smith, Linda Tuhiwai (Mâori). 1999. Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples, 143-164. Zed books. (PDF)
  • Stewart-Harawira, Makere (Waitaha Mâori). 2013. “Challenging Knowledge Capitalism: Indigenous Research in the 21st Century.” Socialist Studies/Études Socialistes 9(1). (PDF)
  • Wildcat, Matthew (Plains Cree), et al. 2014. “Learning from the land: Indigenous land based pedagogy and decolonization.” Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society 3(3). (PDF)

Policing Nations: Settler Colonialism, Police and State Violence


  • Hubbard, Tasha (Nehiyaw/Nakawe/Metis). 2014. “Buffalo Genocide in Nineteenth-century North America: ‘Kill, Skin, and Sell’” in Colonial Genocide in Indigenous North America(PDF)
  • Hunt, Sarah (Kwakwaka’wakw). 2013. “Law, Colonialism and Space” in Witnessing the Colonialscape: Lighting the Intimate Fires of Indigenous Legal Pluralism. Dissertation. Vancouver; Simon Fraser University. (PDF)
  • Nichols, Robert. 2014. “The colonialism of incarceration.” Radical Philosophy Review 17(2), 435- 455. (PDF)
  • Ross, Luana (Confederated Salish and Kootenai). 1998. “Part 1: Colonization and the Social Construction of Deviance: New Worlds, New Indians” in Inventing the Savage: The Social Construction of Native American Criminality. Austin: University of Texas Press. (PDF)
  • Stark, Heidi K. (Turtle Mountain Ojibwe). 2016. “Criminal Empire:  The Making of the Savage in a Lawless Land.” Theory & Event  19(4): in press. (PDF)

United States Indian Policy, Sovereignty and Treaty-Making


  • Barker, Joanne (Lenape). 2005. “For Whom Sovereignty Matters” in Sovereignty Matters: Locations of Contestation and Possibility in Indigenous Struggles for Self-Determination. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. Pp: 1-31. (PDF)
  • Deloria Jr, Vine (Standing Rock Sioux). 1969. “Laws and Treaties.” in Custer Died for Your Sins; An Indian Manifesto. New York: Macmillan. (PDF)
  • Leeds, Stacy L (Cherokee). 2005. “By Eminent Domain or Some Other Name: A Tribal Perspective on Taking Land.” Tulsa Law Review 41(1): 51-77. (PDF)

Visualizing Resistance, Water Protectors


Gendered Violence and Settler Colonialism


  • Amnesty International. 2004. Stolen Sisters: A Human Rights Response to Discrimination and Violence against Indigenous Women in Canada. (PDF)
  • Casselman, Amy. 2015. Injustice in Indian Country: Jurisdiction, American Law, and Sexual Violence Against Native Women. New York: Peter Lang Publishing.  (PDF)
  • Deer, Sarah (Muscogee). 2015. The Beginning and End of Rape: Confronting Sexual Violence in Native America. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. 
  • Dhillon, Jaskiran. 2015. “Indigenous Girls and the Violence of Settler Colonial Policing.” Decolonization, Indigeneity, Education, and Society 4(2): 1-31.
  • Heatherton, Christina. 2016.  “Policing the Crisis of Indigenous Lives:  An Interview with the Red Nation” in Policing the Planet:  Why the Policing Crisis Led to Black Lives Matter. Edited by Jordan T. Camp and Christina Heatherton. London: Verso. (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch. 2013. Those Who Take us Away:  Abusive Policing and Failures in Protection of Indigenous Women and Girls in North British Columbia, Canada.
  • Razack, Sherene. 2002. “Gendered Racial Violence and Spatialized Justice: The Murder of Pamela George” in Race, Space and the Law: Unmapping a White Settler Society. Toronto: Between the Lines.
  • Sayers, Naomi. (Garden River Anishnaabe). 2014. #MMIW: A critique of Sherene Razack’s piece exploring the trial of Pamela George’s murder.” Kwe Today. December 2014.
  • Simpson, Audra (Kahnawake Mohawk). 2016 “The State is a Man: Theresa Spence, Loretta Saunders and the Gender of Settler Sovereignty.” Theory & Event  19 (4): in press. (PDF)
  • Young, Kalaniopua (Kanaka Maoli). 2015. “From a Native Trans daughter: Roots of an Indigenous Abolitionist Imaginary.” Captive Genders: Trans Embodiment and the Prison Industrial Complex. San Francisco: AK Press. (PDF)

Basics of Settler Colonialism


  • Kauanui, J. KÄ“haulani (Kanaka Maoli) and Patrick Wolfe, “Settler Colonialism Then and Now.” Politica & Societa 2: 235-258. (PDF)
  • Snelgrove, Corey, Rita Dhamoon, Jeff Corntassel (Cherokee). 2014. “Unsettling settler colonialism: The discourse and politics of settlers, and solidarity with Indigenous nations.” Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society 3 (2): 1-32. (PDF)
  • Tuck, Eve (Aleut) and K. Wayne Yang. 2012. “Decolonization is Not a Metaphor.” Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education, Society 1(1): 1-40. (PDF)
  • Wolfe, Patrick. 2006. “Settler Colonialism and the Elimination of the Native.” Journal of Genocide Research 8(4): 387-409. (PDF)

Gender, Sexuality, and Indigenous Lifeways


  • Finley, Chris (Colville Confederated Tribes). 2011. “Decolonizing the Queer Native Body (and Recovering the Native Bull-Dyke): Bringing ‘Sexy Back’ and Out of Native Studies’ Closet.” Queer Indigenous Studies: Critical Interventions in Theory, Politics, and Literature, 31-42. Tucson: U of Arizona. (PDF)
  • Lugones, Maria. “Heterosexualism and the Colonial / Modern Gender System.” 2007. Hypatia 22(1): 186-209. (PDF)
  • Miranda, Deborah A. (Ohlone-Costanoan Esselen Nation, Chumash). 2010. “Extermination of the Joyas: Gendercide in Spanish California.” GLQ: A Journal
    of Lesbian and Gay Studies 
    16(1-2): 253-84. (PDF)
  • Oceti Sakowin Two Spirits, LGBTQ+, and Supporters. 2016. “This Land Was Made for Decolonized Love.” Indian Country Today March 7, 2016:
  • Stevens, James Thomas (Akwesasne Mohawk). 2010. “Poetry & Sexuality: Running Twin Rails” GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 16(1-2): 183-89. (PDF)
  • Vowel, Chelsea (Métis). 2012. “Language, culture, and Two-spirit identity.” âpihtawikosisan | Law, language, life: A Plains Cree speaking Métis woman living in Montreal March 29, 2012.
  • Wesley, Saylesh (Stó:lõ, Tsimshian). 2014. “Twin-Spirited Woman: Sts’iyoye Smestiyexw Slha:li.” TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly 1(3): 338-51. (PDF)
  • Wilson, Alexandria (Opaskwayak Cree Nation). 2015. “Our Coming In Stories: Cree Identity, Body Sovereignty and Gender Self- Determination.”  Journal of Global Indigeneity 1(1), 2015.

Resources, Infrastructure, and Settler Colonialism


  • Allison III, James Robert. 2015. Sovereignty for Survival: American Energy Development and Indian Self-Determination. New Haven: Yale University Press. (PDF)
  • Barker, Joanne (Lenape). 2015. “The Corporation and the Tribe.” American Indian Quarterly 39(3): 243-270. (PDF)
  • Caposella, Peter. 2015. “Impact of the Army Corps of Engineers’ Pick-Sloan Program in the Missouri Basin.” Journal of Environmental Law and Litigation 30: 143-218. (PDF)
  • Li, Fabiana. 2013. Relating Divergent Worlds: Mines, Aquifers and Sacred Mountains in Peru. Anthropologica 55(2): 399-411. (PDF)
  • Nash, June. 2007. “Consuming Interests: Water, Rum, and Coca-Cola from Ritual Propitiation to Corporate Expropriation in Highland Chiapas.” Cultural Anthropology, 22(4): 621-639. (PDF)
  • Ojibwa. 2010. “Dam Indians: The Missouri River.” Native American Netroots.
  • Pasternak, Shiri. 2014. “Occupy(ed) Canada: The Political Economy of Indigenous Dispossession” in The Winter we Danced: Voices From the Past, the Future, and the Idle No More Movement, 40-43. The Kino-nda-niimi Collective. (PDF)
  • Rose, Christina. 2015. “Echoes of Oak Flat: 4 Sloan Dams that Submerged Native Land.” Indian Country Today Media Network.
  • Toledano, Michael. 2015. “In British Columbia, indigenous group blocks pipeline development.” Al Jazeera, August 20.
  • Worster, Donald. 1992. “Empire: Water and the Modern West” in Rivers of Empire: Water, Aridity, and the American West, 257-326. Oxford University Press. (PDF)

Further Reading

  • Lawson, Michael L. 2009. Dammed Indians Revisited: The Continuing History of the Pick-Sloan and the Missouri River Sioux. Pierre: South Dakota Historical Society Press.

Indigenous History of North America


  • Blackhawk, Ned (Western Shoshone). 2006. “Introduction: The Indigenous Body in Pain” in Violence over the Land: Indians and Empires in the Early American West. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. (PDF)
  • Blackhawk, Ned (Western Shoshone). 2014. “Remember the Sand Creek Massacre.” New York Times, November 27, 2014.
  • Deloria Jr., Vine (Standing Rock Sioux). 1969. “The Disastrous Policy of Termination” in Custer Died for your Sins: An Indian Manifesto. New York: MacMillan. (PDF)
  • Dunbar-Ortiz, Roxanne. 2014. “Introduction” and “‘Indian Country’” in An Indigenous People’s History of the United States. New York: Beacon Press. (PDF)
  • Ostler, Jeffrey. 2016. “‘Just and Lawful War’” as Genocidal War in the (United States) Northwest Ordinance and Northwest Territory, 1787–1832.” Journal of Genocide Research 18(1): 1-20. (PDF)

Fracking, Oil, and the Environment


  • Caraher, William and Kyle Conway. The Bakken Goes Boom: Oil and the Changing Geographies of Western North Dakota (Selections). Grand Forks: The University of North Dakota Press:
  • de Rijke, Kim. 2013. “Hydraulically fractured: Unconventional gas and anthropology.” Anthropology Today 29(2): 13-17. (PDF)
  • Kelley, Colin P., Shahrzad Mohtadi, Mark A. Cane, Richard Seager, Yochanan Kushnir. 2014. “Climate Change in the Fertile Crescent and Implications of the Recent Syrian Drought.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112(11): 3241-3246.
  • Laduke, Winona (Mississippi Band Anishinaabeg). 2016. Native American Activist Winona LaDuke at Standing Rock: It’s Time to Move On from Fossil Fuels. Democracy Now! September 12, 2016. Video link(PDF)
  • Love, Thomas. 2008. “Anthropology and the Fossil Fuel Era.” Anthropology Today 24(2): 3-4. (PDF)
  • Mitchell, Timothy. 2013. “Introduction,” “Fuel Economy,” and “Sabotage” in Carbon Democracy: Political Power in the Age of Oil. Verso. (PDF)
  • Willow, Anna J. and Sara Wylie. 2014. “Politics, ecology, and the new anthropology of energy: exploring the emerging frontiers of hydraulic fracking.” Journal of Political Ecology 21: 222-236. (PDF)