(Click on image to enlarge)
As shown in the image above, information is created, recorded, and distributed various different mediums at different times.
The event occurs and…
Within minutes or hours - you can find info on Social media platforms – such as Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, blogs, etc.
Good for: short personal reactions, opinion, announcements
Within hours, a day – you can find info in Newspapers, news sites, TV, Radio – such as cnn.com, BBC radio, New York Times, etc.
Good for: current or local info, facts, viewpoints, breaking news
Within a week to a month – you can find info in Magazines or Trade journals – such as Time, People Magazine, Wired, Education Week, etc.
Good for: summaries of info, some analysis for general public or specific profession
Within 6 to 8 months later and continuing – you can find info in Peer-Reviewed scholarly journals - such as like Nature, Journal of American Medical Association, etc.
Good for: deep analysis of specific topics in academic research
Within 1 year later and continuing – you can find info in Books and Films – such as non-fiction, biographies, documentaries, etc.
Good for: thorough, comparative coverage of a topic history, complexity
Within 2 years later and continuing – you can find info in Reference Sources – such as encyclopedias, textbooks, atlases, manuals, etc.
Good for: broad overviews, key issues, statistics, topic specialized vocabulary
Image source: all images here created by GRC librarians
How Can You Tell the Difference Between Types of Periodicals?
|Most articles are signed, though not all. Authors are a mix of science journalists with a few academics from different fields||A mix of writers for the publications and academics in chemistry||Primarily academic researchers and scholars in the field of chemistry|
|Articles are accessible and do not assume prior knowledge.||News briefs, opinion, letters, professional development, research briefs or overviews. Assume some knowledge||Original research, literature reviews of existing research, & analysis. Use specialized terminology and assume knowledge in the field|
|Authors speak to researchers, cite some experts. No references.||Collection of original research briefs, interviews, news. Research briefs will have reference.||Primary research or metareviews and analysis of existing research. Original work. Extensively cited|
|Edited by a general magazine editor.||Edited by publication editor||Peer reviewed for publication by specialists in the field|
|Written for the interested general public||Written for professionals working in a field||Working for other researchers and scholars|
|To inform and entertain||To support and inform those working in a field||To further knowledge in the subject area|
One way to check if a journal is a peer-reviewed scholarly publication: check the journal website for their editorial policy.
One word of warning: Scholarly journals may contain book reviews, news briefs, and editorials. Checking the scholar peer-reviewed journal box in a database is step 1 to finding scholarship. You still need to assess the article itself.
Scholarly literature refers to journals and books of original research and analysis that further our knowledge in a field.
Scholarship is how academics and researchers stay current in their fields.
Scholarship is a conversation in which authors look for gaps in existing research and knowledge, and they build on, test, reinforce, and/ or refute existing scholarship on their topic.
A Research article reports on an original experiment or study that investigates a stated problem. The study is carefully controlled so that results are valid. Data is collected and analyzed.
Literature Reviews & Metareviews summarize and analyze the important articles on a topic. Literature reviews are a great resource for learning about the scope of research, questions, issues and theories in a field.
A Theoretical article is an article that presents a theoretical approach to a question or field. It draws on others' research to support the theory, rather than presenting new research and data.
The sources linked below are all about plastics, plastic recycling, and bioplastics.
Skim through them and consider the following:
Why do you think that? Identify specific reasons.
Use the info timeline and info type chart on this page to support your considerations.